Ent plus the follow-up might be somewhat brief, thus it

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Onlay island flap in the repair of mid and distal penile hypospadias with out chordee. J Urol. 1987;138:376?. 19. Cimador M, Castagnetti M, De Grazia E. Urethrocutaneous fistula repair right after hypospadias surgery. BJU Int. 2003;92:621?. 20. Latifoglu O, Yavuzer R, Unal S, Sion escapes miR-99a regulation in glioblastoma. J Clin Invest. 2013;123:855?5. four. Singh Cavusoglu T, Atabay K. Surgical treatment of urethral fistulas following hypospadias repair. Ann Plast Surg. 2000;44:381?. 21. Landau EH, Gofrit ON, Meretyk S, Katz G, Golijanin D, Shenfeld OZ, et al. Outcome evaluation of tunica vaginalis flap for the correction of recurrent urethrocutaneous fistula in young children. J Urol. 2003;170:1596?. discussion 9. 22. Demirbilek S, Kanmaz T, Aydin G, Yucesan S. Outcomes of one-stage procedures for proximal hypospadias repair. Urology. 2001;58:267?0. 23. Yildiz T, Tahtali IN, Ates DC, Keles I, Ilce Z. Age of patient is usually a risk aspect for urethrocutaneous fistula in hypospadias surgery. J Pediatr Urol. 2013;9:900?. 24. Kass E, Kogan SJ, Manley C, Wacksman JA, Klykylo WM, Meza A, et al. Timing of elective surgery around the genitalia of male youngsters with specific reference towards the dangers, added benefits, and psychological effects of surgery and anesthesia. Pediatrics. 1996;97:590?. 25. Weber DM, Schonbucher VB, Gobet R, Gerber A, Landolt MA. Is there a perfect age for hypospadias repair? A pilot study.Ent and also the follow-up might be slightly short, therefore it may possibly have an effect on the statistical accuracy. Third, the individual danger things have been restricted to some measured variables. Therefore, additional experimental study will be required on a bigger number of pediatric sufferers undergoing HR for a longtime adhere to up. Nonetheless, the threat aspect identified in our study was valuable for surgeons and patients/parents when thinking about surgical remedy of hypospadias.Huang et al. Italian Journal of Pediatrics (2015) 41:Web page four ofConclusions This study supported that the patient' age at HR was a important risk element for the presence of UCF immediately after principal HR, whereas the kind of the hypospadias and also the urethral tract length were not linked with UCF formation.Competing interests The authors declare that they've no competing interests. Authors' contributions LQH, ZG and JT participated within the style of this study, and they both performed the statistical analysis. GM, RGL, YJD, LXW and CJC carried out the study and collected vital background data. HBZ, XJZ and YFG drafted the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript. Acknowledgements This study was supported by Nanjing Healthcare Technologies Development Project (NO.YKK12105). We thank all of the individuals and their parents. With their assistance, we get this PubMed ID:http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27693494 paper finished. Also, we thank the team of our authors. As a group, we function tough with each other. We thank the assistance of all of the members division of PubMed ID:https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28607003 urology and our hospital. We thank Nanjing Health-related Technologies Development Project. Author information 1 Division of Urology, Nanjing Children's Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Healthcare University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210008, China. 2Department of Urology, Beijing Children's Hospital Affiliated Hospital of Capital Health-related University, Beijing 100045, China. Received: eight January 2015 Accepted: 13 April17.